Work Package 4






FAQ by regional and local stakeholders and answer potentials by PLUREL


This report compiles a list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) by regional and local stakeholders about the PLUREL planning and governance case study scenarios and presents the answer potential that PLUREL can provide. (D4.1.1a)



Models of rural-urban systems


This report reviews existing urban land use models focussing on the main approaches, components, and variables of interest in existing models. The main outputs of this review are the 16 data sheets, each containing a description of en existing simulation model. (D4.1.1b)



Examples of functional relationships in a RUR


This report by UTZ presents a system dynamics model which is able to compute both growth and shrinkage processes. Using Leipzing as a study area it uncovers nonlinear dynamics and feedbacks between demography, housing preferences and supply of residential space. Despite population shrinkage and oversupply of flats, there is a negative net-demand on living space in affordable housing estates as the percentage of low-income households will increase. (D4.1.2)



System dynamics model to analyse rural-urban land use relationships


This report by UTZ presents a conceptual and quantitative system dynamics integrated model to analyse rural-urban land use relationships including growth and shrinkage in the case study region of Leipzig-Halle. The methodology used is system dynamics modelling. (D4.1.3)



Agent narratives within ABMland


This report provides the outcomes of an initial scoping study of the key agents who will make up the PLUREL ABM, ABMland. It describes the principles of each generic agent group and provides the first thinking about how, technically, to construct the model. (D4.2.1)



Conceptual agent-based model of RUR land-use dynamics in Koper


Using an agent-based modelling approach a number of natural and human impacts resulting from land-use dynamics are estimated. The first section of the report provides a detailed description of the approach and model, the study site and the data used. The second section describes the impacts of land-use dynamics guided by four scenarios. The model is calibrated for the Koper case study. (D4.2.2)



Location patterns of business agents in the rural-urban system


This report detects the possible presence of agglomeration economies at four selected industries present at rural and peri-urban regions. The local economic impact of land use change due to a local increase on economic activity within particular sectors is assessed by means of quasi-experimental econometric analysis. Productivity effects are identified to be heterogeneous suggesting that the benefits of localisation economies are primarily enjoyed by the most productive and experienced workers, who are also those agents who decide location. (D4.2.3)



Indicator framework for evaluating impacts of land use changes


This report documents the selection process of indicators, which can be used to display the consequences of land-use change in rural-urban regions on a case-study scale. The presented indicators are part of a conceptual framework which has been worked out by in cooperation with the indicator task force group. (D4.3.1)



Results of regional impact assessments for Leipzig, Koper and the Hague

This report by UFZ summarises the regional impact assessment of land use changes at regional level that has been conducted Leipzig-Halle (Germany), Koper (Slovenia) and Haaglanden (Netherlands). It describes indicators, methods and results for a range of different scenarios. (D4.3.2)



Review of monetary valuation techniques


This report provides the basic concept of economic value and is supported by a brief overview of monetary valuation techniques commonly used to identify this value. A literature review is carried out for urban, peri-urban and rural supply services. The information is organized in a framework consistent to the European Environmental Agency (EEA) ecosystem and land cover accounts. (D4.4.1a)



Review of monetary valuation of odour, brownfields, and cultural heritage externalities techniques


This report provides a review of the economic literature assessing the monetary values of the external costs and benefits caused by the presence of odour, brownfields, and cultural heritage in urban, peri-urban and rural areas. (D4.4.1b)



Methodology development for cost-benefit analysis of policy implementation


This study develops a procedure for cost-benefit analysis of alternative land use policies. The developed procedure can be used to assess socio-economic impacts of urban, peri-urban and rural land use changes in the rural-urban region. (D4.4.2)



Cost benefit analysis of peri-urban land use policy


This report presents the application of environmental valuation methods and, where possible, cost-benefit analysis to the case of peri-urban land use planning. Benefit transfer methods are used to estimate the value of green space, carbon storage, changes in forest area and other impacts of changing policy in the peri-urban fringe of cities in different case studies around Europe. (D4.4.3)



Pan-European spatially–explicit model linking land-use change with socio-economic indicators

This report developed by the University of Edinburgh provides an interactive spreadsheet linking projected changes in socio-economic variables (population, GDP) to land-use change (artificial surfaces). The study includes all EU-27 countries except Bulgaria and Cyprus. The results are available for year 2015 and 2025 and for four development scenarios. (D4.4.4)